Lit. Meme - 3 Genres: High Fantasy
Notable Authors: J. R. R. Tolkien, C. S. Lewis, G.R.R. Martin
High fantasy is defined as fantasy fiction set in an alternative, entirely fictional (“secondary”) world, rather than the real, or “primary” world. The secondary world is usually internally consistent but its rules differ in some way(s) from those of the primary world. By contrast, low fantasy is characterized by being set in the primary, or “real” world, or a rational and familiar fictional world, with the inclusion of magical elements.
These stories are often serious in tone and epic in scope, dealing with themes of grand struggle against supernatural, evil forces.